The objective of this Political Myth Busting series is to demolish some of the facile and often completely counter-factual myths that get used over and again.
If you follow politics at all, or you've ever picked up a tabloid newspaper, you'll be familiar with some of the most egregious examples such as the "Labour caused the financial crisis" lie, "the unemployed are all lazy scroungers" narrative, the "private is always more efficient than public" fallacy and the ludicrous "trickle down" theory of economics.
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to read the following explanation of what the
"Political Myth Busting" series is all about.
The problem is that (often absurdly inaccurate) political fallacies are far more pervasive than most people think. The reason that they are so pervasive is that they are usually based in the form of simplistic justification narratives. In brief, the use of the justification narrative technique is a propaganda methodology based on the concept that simple narrative structures (stories) are much more effective tools for spreading ideas than reams of statistics and rigorous analysis. In essence it is the idea that it doesn't matter how weak your own evidence is, or how brilliant your opponents' facts and analysis are, you'll win the debate in the mind of "the man on the street" as long as you're the better story-teller.
The use uf simplistic justification narratives to sell the right-wing neoliberal ideology relies upon the fact that the vast majority of people in the United Kingdom are functional illiterates in economic terms. There are many reasons for this, the main one being that basic economics is just not taught at all in the vast majority of state schools. Since 93% of British kids attend state schools, the vast majority of kids end up leaving school and entering the work environment as functional economic illiterates. (I'll leave it to you to form your own opinion about whether this failure to provide a basic economic education to the vast majority of people is a deliberate ploy by the establishment or not).
I really don't want to come across as mean, smug or superior when I describe the majority of people as economic illiterates, but it happens to be true. I always thought of myself as very intelligent and well informed, but it wasn't until I began actively studying economics in my late 20s that I realised that I'd been living with an distorted ad-hoc understanding of economic issues, despite being an intelligent university graduate with a high IQ, I too had been suffering from basic economic illiteracy.
Now most people don't like to think of themselves as ignorant or illiterate (I certainly wouldn't have easily accepted the accusation when I was in my mid-20s) and this is where right-wing justification narratives come in. If a person that knows very little about the actual structure of the economy is presented with a simple and concise narrative that seems to explain a particular economic trend, they are likely to accept it at face value. People don't want to feel that they are ignorant or economically illiterate and these right-wing narratives give them a nice simple framework in which they can create the illusion that they actually understand the economy.
The reality is that most people just don't understand the economy properly because most people don't even understand some of the really fundamental ideas, without which economic literacy is impossible. Without knowing the answer to the majority of the following questions, obtaining a nuanced and reasonably accurate understanding of the modern post-credit crunch economy would be absolutely impossible.
- What is a fiat currency?
- How is money created?
- What is the difference between a debt and a deficit?
- What is the difference between fiscal and monetary policy?
- What are capital controls?
- What is a transfer pricing strategy?
- What does fiscal multiplication mean?
- What is a derivative?
- What is a "naked" trade?
- What is Quantitative Easing?
The problem of course is that "the economy" is important to a lot of people. Polls and surveys show that "the economy" comes out as the number one priority when the public are asked about which area of public policy is most important to them. That the majority of people demonstrably don't understand the economic basics, yet they feel that good management of the economy is the most vital function of government tells us that people have the capacity to fill in the gaps in their knowledge to create a framework by which they grasp complex economic issues. The right-wing justification narrative is designed to fill in these gaps in the public consciousness with the right kind of stories to make people support economic ideas that go against their own best interests. Within a limited frame of understanding these justification narratives for extremist right-wing economic policies make sense, however the greater the level of economic literacy the individual attains, the less likely they are to be taken in by simplistic and misleading right-wing propaganda stories.
Now consider that the right-wing press have been peddling these simplistic economic myths for decades, over and over and over again. These myths have become so well established that they are taken at face value, not only by traditionally conservative thinkers, but relied upon as fact by supposedly left-wing politicians of the Labour party and printed, without a hint of critical analysis, in supposedly left-wing publications like the Guardian newspaper.
It doesn't matter that these simplistic naratives are economically incoherent, the majority of the population don't have the training to carefully deconstruct these right-wing stories from an economic perspective. It's like the Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels said:
"if you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it"
One of the biggest problems in confronting these right-wing myths is that people actually become fond of their simplistic narratives. They are fond of them because they allow them to maintain the illusion that they are not fundamentally ignorant about economics. It is easy to understand how someone prefers to stick with the simple narrative that makes sense to them, rather than accept the counter-claim which is often complex and awfully difficult for them to even understand, because, economics, just like the economy itself, is in reality an awfully complex subject.
Another factor that allows the persistence of fallacious economic reasoning is the human tendency towards confirmation bias. In short, this is the perfectly natural tendency to favour arguments with which we agree and reject out-of-hand those with which we disagree. The human tendency to cherry-pick evidence and ignore or dismiss inconvenient data is one of the main reason that the fallacious reasoning and discreditied beliefs that underpin so many right-wing economic strategies persist on for decades and decades.
The objective of the Political Myth Busting series is to, using relatively simple language, demolish some of these ludicrous right-wing myths that have wormed their way into the "common sense" worldview of so many millions of people.
1. The Mensch fallacy
2. The "evil state" and "virtuous private" sector false duality
3. The "Golden Hammer" of neoliberalism
4. The "political spectrum shift" fallacy
5. The fallacy of Nordic Apples and Anglo-American Oranges
6. The "inefficient state" fallacy
7. The "maxed out national credit card" fallacy
8. The "blame the victim" fallacy
9. The fallacy of diminished importance
10. The "sentient concept" fallacy
11. The "unpatriotic left" fallacy
12. Osborne's "market conficence" fallacy
13. The "no cuts" fallacy
14. The "waaaah...you're censoring me" fallacy
15. The "Making Work Pay" fallacy
16. The Iain Duncan Smith fallacy
17. The personification technique
18. The "All in this Together" fallacy
19. The I don't understand you - so you must be stupid" fallacy
20. The "New Labour are a left-wing party" myth
21. The "Water Cannons Would Have Resolved The August 2011 riots" fallacy
22. The "UKIP are an alternative" delusion
23. The "always cleaning up Labour's messes" narrative
24. "The SNP are Tartan Tories" smear campaign
25. The conservative fantasy of natural economic justice
26. The "There's No Money Left" argument
27. The Tory "economic recovery" mantra
28. The spending cuts vs tax increases false dichotomy
29. The delusion that the modern economy is a capitalist one
30. Comparing national economies with simple family budgets
31. The fiction of NHS inefficiency
32. The "bankrupt Britain" lie
33. The "Northern Powerhouse" myth
34. The "fracking = lower energy bills" myth
35. The "no difference between left and right" confusion
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